You can say that human actions and behavior are guided by reason and logic. However, if you dig a little deeper, it turns out that the rationality of people is quite exaggerated. Because of the love for labels and templates, and most importantly, the desire for saving resources, the brain of any individual, even the most sane and intellectually developed, is subject to all kinds of cognitive distortions that imperceptibly spoil life.
We were pretty impressed with how thinking mistakes can leave our lifestyle if we don’t recognize them in time and fight them. Therefore, we have selected the most common of them to understand their impact on you.
What could be easier than taking an invigorating morning shower or crawling under warm streams of water after an overly tough day? It turns out that many people manage to do it wrong. And all would be fine if our appearance and well-being did not suffer because of this.
We decided to figure out what mistakes almost every person makes during water procedures, what it leads to, and how to wash according to science.
Rumors that hard drinks kill the brain, while coffee helps sober up are somewhat exaggerated.
Drinking alcoholic beverages is one of the oldest traditions of mankind. And during its existence, it has managed to acquire a whole bunch of different myths. Some of them are a thing of the past, while others turned out to be surprisingly tenacious and still exist. This article will introduce you to the opinion of science about some of them.
Although humans are the pinnacle of evolution, our bodies are still too fragile. The forces of nature, other living organisms, or our own mistakes – all of this can destroy us. The good news, however, is that most emergencies can be dealt with if done correctly. And how exactly, we want to find out.
We hope that readers will not have to risk their lives, but just in case, we have compiled a list of facts that can help you.
Running away from a swarm of wasps
In the case of non-aggressive wasps or bees, it is best to simply not make sudden movements and walk away slowly. But if you accidentally disturb a hornet’s nest or a beehive, then don’t fight back: this will make them even angrier. Run into the room and close the doors. If there is nowhere to go, then the best salvation would be to rush as far as possible in a straight line. They are incredibly fast, but they cannot fly far from their home, they will have to stay behind. Just do not run to the water: insects are not stupid and will just wait for you to emerge.
A tornado is always in motion. If it looks like it is not moving, then it is heading towards you. If the tornado moved away from you, it would gradually decrease in size. You need to hide in a room without windows, preferably in the basement. If there are no buildings nearby, but there is a car, then you can try to leave. A passenger car is faster than a tornado, but this is a last resort because it can change its trajectory unpredictably.
Emergency during a mass event
Whether it’s a movie, club or concert, take a look at the entrance and find an emergency exit. In case of an emergency, the entire crowd will run through the main doors, where a crush will form. It will be easier to get out through the emergency exit.
Under the rubble
If you are under the rubble of a destroyed building, then do not try to scream. Most likely, you will lose your voice in vain and waste a lot of energy. It is better to take a piece of rubble or stone and knock it on something solid, preferably following some kind of rhythm. For example, 3 beats – pause – 3 beats. It is worth shouting when you hear people.
Trying to save a drowning person
It is not uncommon for people to drown themselves, trying to help someone. A drowning person will instinctively use your body to regain breathing. Even if you can’t breathe. Rescue requires a trained, trained and equipped swimmer. If there is no one else to help, but you are confident in your abilities, then take a stick or other object with you that you can give to the drowning person.
Water squeezed out of moss
If you are lost in the forest and have no water, then the safest and cleanest option is water squeezed out of peat moss. Of course, it is also dirty and it is advisable to boil it, but this is much better than water from a pond or puddle.
Not sweating in heat
The sun does not hit suddenly. At first, you will sweat profusely and be thirsty. If these symptoms do not make you go into the shadows, then you will soon stop sweating. If this happens, then you have heatstroke. You should immediately seek help. If left untreated, heatstroke can cause permanent brain damage. Before the ambulance arrives, you should try to cool the body and drink more water.
One of the first symptoms of blood poisoning
If you have at least a small wound, even if an insect bite, but there is a red stripe along the vein near it, this is sepsis (blood poisoning). You should immediately go to the hospital.
Pinching the nose during a sneeze
It would seem a harmless action, but it can lead to serious consequences. The eardrum may burst or even an aneurysm may form. In the second case, a lethal outcome is not excluded.
Vomit that looks like ground coffee
If it looks like this, then you are probably having gastrointestinal bleeding. The blood contains iron, which is oxidized by stomach acid. It is this reaction that makes vomiting look like this.
Fire in an oven or a microwave
If a fire flares up in the oven or microwave, turn it off, but do not open it. The fire will go out faster with the door closed since it will not have enough oxygen. Otherwise, it may go to other subjects.
Be optimistic. It is useful and probably prolongs life. If you already thought like that, now you have the scientific backing, writes former editor-in-chief of Live Science and Space and author Robert Roy Britt at Medium.
A new study shows that women who consider themselves very optimistic live 15% longer and are 50% more likely to live to 85 than those who report low levels of optimism. And optimistic men live 11% longer and have a 70% higher chance of living to 85.
Did you notice how men began to go bald early, and modern children look older their age? Perhaps your body temperature is always slightly below normal, or you suffer from myopia from an early age. It turns out that more often it is the lifestyle that we consciously choose that significantly affects the evolution of modern people and determines what our descendants will be like.
Here are the changes that are taking place right before our eyes, and we are in a hurry to tell you about the most intriguing discoveries.
We’ve already discussed some of the myths about food: salt, lactose, fat-free products. But there are many more of them that need to be broken. So here it is, five more myths about nutrition you need to know about.